How to Revert Back My Local Changes Using Git?

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To revert back your local changes using Git, you can use the command:


git checkout --


This command will discard the changes in the specified file and revert it back to the version in the last commit. Alternatively, you can use the command git reset --hard to discard all changes and revert back to the last commit in your repository. Be cautious when using this command as it will remove all local changes and cannot be undone.

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How do I undo changes in git?

To undo changes in git, you can use the following methods:

  1. Discard changes in your working directory: To discard changes in your working directory and revert back to the last committed version, you can use the following command:
1
git checkout -- <file>


Replace <file> with the name of the file you want to discard changes for. If you want to discard changes for all files, you can use:

1
git checkout -- .


  1. Undo changes in your staging area: If you have already staged changes using git add but want to undo them, you can use:
1
git reset HEAD <file>


Replace <file> with the name of the file you want to unstage. If you want to unstage all files, you can use:

1
git reset HEAD .


  1. Undo the last commit: If you want to undo the last commit you made, you can use:
1
git reset --soft HEAD~1


This command will keep the changes from the undone commit in your working directory and staging area.

  1. Completely remove the last commit: If you want to completely remove the last commit from your history, you can use:
1
git reset --hard HEAD~1


This command will remove the undone commit completely along with its changes.

  1. Revert a specific commit: If you want to undo a specific commit in your history, you can use:
1
git revert <commit>


Replace <commit> with the hash of the commit you want to revert. This will create a new commit that undoes the changes made in the specified commit.


Remember that these commands will undo changes at various levels (working directory, staging area, commit history), so use them carefully to avoid losing any important changes.


How to undo the last commit in git?

To undo the last commit in Git, you can use the command:

1
git reset --soft HEAD~1


This command will move the HEAD pointer back one commit, leaving your working directory and index as they were before the commit. If you want to completely remove the last commit and all changes associated with it, you can use:

1
git reset --hard HEAD~1


Please note that using git reset --hard can be destructive, as it will permanently remove all changes made in the last commit. Make sure to carefully review and backup any changes before using this command.


What is the difference between git checkout and git revert?

git checkout is used to switch branches or restore files from a different commit, while git revert is used to create a new commit that undoes the changes made in a previous commit.


In simple words, git checkout allows you to move between different branches or check out specific files or commits in your repository without making any changes to the commit history. On the other hand, git revert is used to reverse the changes made in a specific commit by creating a new commit that undoes those changes.


In summary, git checkout is for switching branches and checking out files/commits without altering the commit history, while git revert is for creating a new commit to undo changes made in a previous commit.

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