Tutorial: Deploy React.js on HostGator?

8 minutes read

To deploy React.js on HostGator, you can follow the steps mentioned below:

  1. Sign up for a HostGator hosting account, if you haven't already. Choose a suitable plan that meets your requirements.
  2. Log in to your HostGator control panel (cPanel).
  3. In your cPanel, find the "Software" section and click on "Node.js" or "Setup Node.js App" (depending on the version of cPanel).
  4. Click on "Create Application" to create a new Node.js application.
  5. Configure your application by filling in the required details, such as Node.js version, application mode, and application root.
  6. Once the application is created, go back to the main Node.js screen and find your newly created application under the "Applications" section.
  7. Click on the "Setup" button next to your application to configure it further.
  8. In the setup window, enter a custom startup file (e.g., "index.js") and specify any required environment variables for your React.js application.
  9. Save the changes and go back to your cPanel home.
  10. Access the File Manager in your cPanel, either through the "Files" section or by searching for it.
  11. In the File Manager, navigate to the root directory of your React.js application (specified during application setup).
  12. Delete the default files (e.g., "index.html", "index.php") present in the root directory.
  13. Upload your React.js application build files to the root directory. Ensure you include the "index.html" file, "bundle.js" or "main.js" file, and any other necessary assets.
  14. Once the files are uploaded, change the name of the main React.js entry point file (e.g., "index.html" or "index.js") to match the name specified in the startup file during application setup.
  15. You can now access your React.js application by visiting your domain name in a web browser.


Remember to configure any necessary routing and make sure your application dependencies are properly installed within your project.


Note that while this tutorial assumes you'll be using HostGator as the hosting provider, the process for deploying React.js applications may vary slightly depending on the provider and their specific setup.

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What is cPanel and how to access it on HostGator?

cPanel is a web hosting control panel that provides users with a graphical interface to manage their websites and hosting accounts. It offers various features and tools for managing domains, files, databases, email accounts, security settings, and more.


To access cPanel on HostGator, follow these steps:

  1. Go to your preferred web browser and type "yourdomain.com/cpanel" (replace "yourdomain.com" with your actual domain name).
  2. Alternatively, you can also access cPanel through the HostGator customer portal. Log in to your HostGator account by visiting "portal.hostgator.com" and entering your credentials.
  3. Once logged in, navigate to the "Hosting" tab and click on "cPanel" under your desired domain name.
  4. You will be redirected to the cPanel dashboard, where you can start managing your website and hosting settings.


It's worth noting that the exact navigation and appearance of cPanel may vary slightly on HostGator or depending on the specific hosting plan you have.


How to configure the server to serve a React.js app on HostGator?

To configure a server to serve a React.js app on HostGator, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Check requirements: Ensure that your HostGator hosting plan supports Node.js. HostGator's shared hosting plans may not support Node.js by default, so you may need to upgrade to a plan that supports it.
  2. Log in to cPanel: Access your HostGator cPanel account using the provided login credentials.
  3. Create a subdomain: Go to the "Domains" section in cPanel and click on "Subdomains." Create a subdomain (e.g., "app.example.com") where you want to serve your React.js app.
  4. Install Node.js: In cPanel, find the "Software" section and click on "Setup Node.js App." Select the subdomain you created and click "Create Application." Choose the appropriate Node.js version and provide a start command (e.g., "npm start"). Click "Create."
  5. SSH access: Obtain SSH access to your HostGator server. This might require enabling SSH access within your HostGator account.
  6. Upload your React.js app: Using an FTP client (such as FileZilla), connect to your server via SSH and upload your React.js app's build directory to the appropriate location within the subdomain directory.
  7. Install dependencies: Connect to your server via SSH and navigate to the subdomain directory where you uploaded your React.js app. Run the command "npm install" to install the necessary dependencies.
  8. Configure .htaccess: Create a file named ".htaccess" if it doesn't already exist in the subdomain directory. Add the following lines to redirect all requests to your React.js app's index.html file:
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RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.html$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.html [L]


  1. Start the application: Connect to your server via SSH, navigate to the subdomain directory, and run the start command you provided in cPanel (e.g., "npm start"). This command will start your React.js app.
  2. Verify the setup: Visit your subdomain (e.g., "app.example.com") in a web browser to ensure that your React.js app is being served correctly.


If you encounter any issues, it is recommended to reach out to HostGator's support team for further assistance as they can provide specific guidance based on their hosting environment.


What are React.js props?

In React.js, props (short for properties) are a way to pass data from a parent component to its child component. Props are a collection of key-value pairs that can be passed as parameters to a child component when it is rendered.


Props are immutable, meaning they cannot be changed within the child component. They are read-only values that help control the behavior and appearance of the child component. The parent component determines the prop values and can update them if needed.


Props can be any type of data, such as strings, numbers, arrays, objects, or even functions. They allow components to be reusable and modular by providing a way to customize their behavior and content based on different values passed in as props.


How to use state in React.js components?

To use state in React.js components, follow these steps:

  1. Import the React library and the useState hook:
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import React, { useState } from 'react';


  1. Create a functional component and initialize the state using the useState hook. The useState hook returns an array with two elements: the current value of the state and a function to update the state's value.
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const MyComponent = () => {
  const [state, setState] = useState(initialValue);
  
  // ...
}


  1. Access and update the state value within your component. You can use the state variable to access the current value, and the setState function to update the state.
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const MyComponent = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  const increment = () => {
    setCount(count + 1);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={increment}>Increment</button>
    </div>
  );
}


In the example above, the count state is initialized to 0. Whenever the "Increment" button is clicked, the increment function is called, which updates the count state using the setCount function.


Note: You can use state in both functional components (with hooks) and class components (with this.state and this.setState).

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