Tutorial: Install Yii on Vultr?

7 minutes read

To install Yii on Vultr, follow the steps below:

  1. Create a new server instance on Vultr with your preferred specifications.
  2. Connect to your server using SSH. If you are on Windows, you can use tools like PuTTY.
  3. Once connected, update your server by running the following commands: sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
  4. Install PHP and necessary extensions by executing the command: sudo apt install php php-cli php-fpm php-mysql php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-zip
  5. Install Composer, a dependency manager for PHP, with the following command: sudo apt install composer
  6. Move to the /var/www/html directory using the command: cd /var/www/html
  7. Download the Yii framework by running: composer create-project --prefer-dist yiisoft/yii2-app-basic myproject
  8. Change the ownership of the project files to the web server user: sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/myproject
  9. Configure the web server by creating a new configuration file: sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/myproject.conf
  10. Add the following configuration to the file:
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server {
        listen 80;
        server_name your_domain_or_IP;
        root /var/www/html/myproject/web;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;
        location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
        }
        location ~ \.php$ {
            include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
            fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
        }
}


  1. Save the file and exit the text editor.
  2. Create a symbolic link for the configuration file: sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/myproject.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
  3. Remove the default configuration file: sudo rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
  4. Test the configuration for any syntax errors: sudo nginx -t
  5. If the test is successful, restart the Nginx web server: sudo service nginx restart
  6. Lastly, open a web browser and visit http://your_domain_or_IP to see the Yii installation in action.


By following these steps, you should be able to successfully install Yii on a Vultr server and access the Yii framework through your preferred domain or IP address.

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How to run Yii console commands on Vultr?

To run Yii console commands on Vultr, you need to access your server via SSH. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Log in to your Vultr account and select the server where your Yii application is hosted.
  2. Connect to your server using an SSH client such as PuTTY for Windows or Terminal for Mac/Linux. You will need the server's IP address, username, and password to establish the SSH connection.
  3. Once you are connected to the server, navigate to the root folder of your Yii application. This is typically the folder where your yii script is located. You can use the cd command to change directories. For example, if your application is located in the /var/www/html/myapp folder, you would run:
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cd /var/www/html/myapp


  1. Next, you can run the Yii console commands using the php command followed by the yii script and the specific command you want to execute. For example, to execute the migrate command, you would run:
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php yii migrate


Make sure to replace yii with the actual name of your Yii console command script, if it is different.


Note: If you encounter permission errors while running the command, you may need to give executable permissions to the yii script. You can use the following command to do so:

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chmod +x yii


That's it! You should now be able to run Yii console commands on Vultr using SSH.


How to create a Vultr account?

To create a Vultr account, follow these steps:

  1. Go to the Vultr website at www.vultr.com.
  2. Click on the "Get Started Now" button on the homepage.
  3. You will be redirected to the account creation page. Here, you can choose to sign up using your GitHub, Google, or email address. If you prefer to use an email address, click on the "Sign Up with Email" button.
  4. Fill in your email address, desired password, and choose your preferred currency. Then, click on the "Create Account" button.
  5. A verification email will be sent to the email address you provided. Open your email inbox and locate the email from Vultr.
  6. Click on the verification link in the email to confirm your account.
  7. You will be redirected to the Vultr login page. Enter your registered email address and password to log in.
  8. After logging in, you may need to complete further steps for account verification, such as providing additional personal information or payment details.


Once you have completed these steps, you will have successfully created a Vultr account. You can start exploring and using Vultr's cloud services for your hosting needs.


What are the recommended Yii configuration settings for Vultr?

There are no specific recommended Yii configuration settings for Vultr as Vultr is a cloud hosting provider and Yii is a PHP framework. The configuration settings for Yii depend on the specific requirements of your application and not on the hosting provider.


However, below are some general recommendations for configuring Yii on any hosting provider:

  1. Database Configuration: Update the database connection settings in the config/db.php file to match your Vultr database settings such as hostname, database name, username, and password.
  2. URL Configuration: If you are using pretty URLs, update the config/web.php file to configure the urlManager component to enable URL rewriting and use the appropriate rules for your application.
  3. Caching Configuration: If you want to enable caching, you can configure the config/web.php file to set up a caching component such as Memcache or Redis.
  4. Error Reporting: Update the config/web.php file to set the YII_DEBUG and YII_ENV constants based on your environment. In production, it is recommended to set YII_DEBUG to false and YII_ENV to 'prod' to disable debug mode and enhance performance.
  5. Logging Configuration: Set up the config/web.php file to enable logging and specify the desired log targets such as file logs, database logs, email notifications, etc.
  6. Asset Bundling: Configure the config/web.php file to enable the assetManager component for asset bundling and optimization.


These are just a few general recommendations, and the specific configuration settings for your Yii application may vary depending on your requirements and the features you are using. It is always best to consult the official Yii documentation and the hosting provider's documentation for any specific configuration recommendations.

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